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İngilizcede Regular Verbs Nasıl Kullanılır? (Düzenli Fiiller)

İngilizcede regular verbs, yani düzenli fiiller, fiilin sonuna -ed eki getirerek geçmiş zaman ve past participle (geçmiş zaman ortacı) hallerini oluşturan fiillerdir. Örneğin, walk (yürümek) fiili walk + ed = walked şeklinde geçmiş zaman ve past participle haline gelir. Bu yazıda, İngilizcede regular verbs konusunu anlatacağım. İngilizcede regular verbs nasıl kullanılır? Regular verbs, İngilizcede üç farklı şekilde kullanılabilir:

  1. Simple past tense: Geçmişte tamamlanmış bir eylemi anlatmak için kullanılır. Örneğin, I walked to school yesterday. (Dün okula yürüdüm.)
  2. Past participle: Present perfect, past perfect ve passive voice gibi zamanlarda kullanılır. Örneğin, I have walked 10 kilometers today. (Bugün 10 kilometre yürüdüm.) He was walked by his dog. (Köpeği tarafından gezdirildi.)
  3. Base form: Şimdiki zaman ve gelecek zaman gibi zamanlarda kullanılır. Örneğin, I walk to school every day. (Her gün okula yürürüm.) I will walk to the park tomorrow. (Yarın parka yürüyeceğim.)

Regular verbs’in sonuna -ed eki getirirken dikkat edilmesi gereken bazı kurallar vardır:

  • Fiilin son harfi e ise, sadece d eklenir. Örneğin, love + ed = loved.
  • Fiilin son harfi sessiz + y ise, y harfi i’ye dönüşür ve sonra ed eklenir. Örneğin, study + ed = studied.
  • Fiilin son harfi tek sesli + tek sessiz ise, sessiz harf tekrarlanır ve sonra ed eklenir. Örneğin, stop + ed = stopped.

Regular verbs konusunu daha iyi anlamak için aşağıdaki tabloya bakabilirsiniz:

Base formSimple past tensePast participle
walkwalkedwalked
lovelovedloved
studystudiedstudied
stopstoppedstopped

Regular verbs konusunu öğrenmenin en iyi yolu bol bol pratik yapmaktır. Aşağıdaki alıştırmaları yaparak regular verbs konusunu pekiştirebilirsiniz:

Aşağıdaki cümleleri simple past tense haline getiriniz.

  • She plays tennis every weekend.
  • They watch a movie every night.
  • He studies hard for the exam.
  • She loves chocolate cake.
  • He tries a new recipe every week.

Aşağıdaki cümleleri past participle haline getiriniz.

  • She has played tennis since she was five years old.
  • They have watched all the Harry Potter movies.
  • He has studied English for two years.
  • She has loved chocolate cake since she was a child.
  • He has tried many different cuisines.

Aşağıdaki cümlelerde regular verbs’i bulunuz ve base form haline getiriniz.

  • She walked to the supermarket yesterday.
  • They loved the concert last night.
  • He studied chemistry in college.
  • She stopped smoking last month.
  • He tried skiing for the first time.

Cevaplar:

  • She played tennis every weekend.
  • They watched a movie every night.
  • He studied hard for the exam.
  • She loved chocolate cake.
  • He tried a new recipe every week.
  • She has played tennis since she was five years old.
  • They have watched all the Harry Potter movies.
  • He has studied English for two years.
  • She has loved chocolate cake since she was a child.
  • He has tried many different cuisines.
  • She walked to the supermarket yesterday. -> walk
  • They loved the concert last night. -> love
  • He studied chemistry in college. -> study
  • She stopped smoking last month. -> stop
  • He tried skiing for the first time. -> try
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